But does the Soviet experience have anything to teach us today, or was it just an enormous cul-de-sac, a nuclear-armed reincarnation of the Russian Empire? This book tries to find out, through walking the towns and great cities of the USSR, in an itinerary that goes from the Baltic to Belarus, from Ukraine to the Urals, from the Caucasus to Central Asia, in places ranging from utopian colonies of the Twenties, to nuclear new towns of the Fifties, to gleaming new capitals of the 21st century.
Ranging across eleven of the fifteen countries that once made up the Soviet Union, this book searches for the remnants of revolutions both distant and recent. Instead of a wistful journey through ruins, this is a Marxist Humanist account of how cities and their inhabitants have tried to cope both with the end of a socialist dream and the failure of capitalism to fulfill its own promises.
In this patchwork of EU democracies, neoliberal dictatorships and Soviet nostalgic enclaves often found in the same countries we might just find the outlines of a way of building and living in cities that is a powerful alternative, both in the past and present. As Sordet points out, Mazarin:. As Clarke says:. He wished, Mazarin said, to build a library that would rank from its very beginning among the richest and most complete in Europe.
In the first half of the seventeenth century the practice of medicine centred in scholarly libraries and botanical gardens, not in hospitals or laboratories. It is hardly surprising, therefore, that although physicians trained at Paris were often learned men, their scientific ideas were rooted in the past. Understandably, the more intelligent among them escaped from medical practice into literature, philosophy, or the natural sciences. Particularly in the last half of the sixteenth century, the Hotel de Mesmes and its library had been at the centre of learned parlement culture.
More than this, the de Mesmes library was one of a handful of robe libraries, the de Thou library among them, whose status as the private professional collections of public persons granted them, as sites of public scholarship and loci of Gallican and constitutional research, a quasi-public status in the Parisian intellectual community.
Up until the 17th century libraries were mostly private institutions which sought to restrict access to books rather than promote. As Rovelstad states:. It initiated a methodological discussion which supplanted the dominant bibliographical conception of the library as a static repository of existing knowledge with a recognition of the library as an institution actively engaged in the production of new knowledge.
However, with the death of Richelieu, Naude came into the employ of the newly risen Cardinal Mazarin, who as we know was embarking on the creation of his first Parisian library. As Lemke says of their partnership:. Instead, he had come to the job with an open mind, a broad education, and a great joy of vocation. He knew that he must watch for large private collections to appear on the market and that he must also haunt the Parisian bookstores for suitable volumes.
It consisted of 6, to 7, items including 1, volumes in folio, 2, in quarto, and 3, or 4, in octavo. He set out the importance of organising the Library saying:. This man must be a learned and honourable person, who would add prestige to the library and be given an appropriate salary, along with the rank and title of librarian, in order to acknowledge his social standing.
Tubeuf had taken possession of the Palais Mazarin, as surety for a debt, owed him by Mazarin, but also in the hopes of saving the library. The Mazarin Bible [Biblia latina]. Sources: 1. Parker, D.
The reader knows that they, and the document with which they are engaging, are a part of the real world for want of a better phrase. This is in contrast to the experience delivered by fully immersive-document as yet theoretical where the reader cannot distinguish between the unreality and reality, and the interface between human and computer is invisible and frictionless. The day was arranged into 3 acts or sessions.
In the first session, Documents and Documentation , the focus was on how memory institutions document performance.
Following on from that Exploring Performance as a Document looked at how we can document non-traditional aspects of performance. The third and final act, Beyond the Boundaries , considered what should be documented from newer forms of performance.
She was part of a generation of women who would come of age in the wake of the First World War. In Briet was assigned the task of compiling a directory of special collections held across major French Libraries. Briet herself was closely involved with the curriculum including as teacher. The programme was spread over two years and included:. The second year focused on research and on documentation in the specialized fields, including the social sciences and economics as well as science and technology.
Briet died in Boulogne at the age of Is a pebble rolled by a torrent a document? Is a living animal a document? But the photographs and the catalogues of stars, the stones in a museum of mineralogy , and the animals that are cataloged and shown in a zoo, are documents. The discovery becomes the topic of an announcement at the Academy of Sciences.
A professor of the Museum discusses it in his courses. The living animal is placed in a cage and cataloged zoological garden. Once it is dead, it will be stuffed and preserved in the Musuem. It is loaned to an Exposition. It is played on a soundtrack at the cinema. Its voice recorded on a disk. We infer, however, from her discussion that:. This situation is reminiscent of discussions of how an image is made art by framing it as art.
Taking the rules as defined above the performance itself is not a document, any more than a wild antelope running around the plains of Africa, but writings, photographs, sound recordings and so forth of the performance can be considered documents. World Congress of Universal Documentation. LIS can be a very broad discipline that covers everything from theories of information, social media, scholarly communication to the effects of the internet on human thought. It also supports and intersects with many academic disciplines, with elements of science, sociology and humanities.
As digital technology has evolved the discipline of LIS has adapted to confront and consider issues that have arisen around the management, conservation, preservation of documents in the digital realm. It has also utilised the potential of digital technology and tools to not only preserve physical documents, but also make them available to new audiences. One academic discipline which has also begun to harness the potential of digital tools and technology is the humanities.
Much like LIS they too work with documents, such as books and manuscripts, and make use of digitisation, digital libraries and data mining. To further complicate matters, humanities itself has a subset known as Digital Humanities which as I noted before is concerned with utilizing Digital tools to enhance their understanding and knowledge of humanistic texts. The history of the Digital Humanities, dates back to the early s, when humanities scholars realized that the internet could provide them with new methods for exploring and discussing scholarly texts.
And in the Text Encoding Initiative TEI was launched as standard for the representation of texts in digital form.
He was a scholar and well educated studying Christ College Cambridge, before becoming a fellow at Pembroke Hall later College , in During the last decade of the s he engaged in a pamphlet-war with Thomas-Nashe and retired in , having again failed to obtain a mastership at Trinity Hall. As well as publishing commentaries he was a prolific annotator of books, his annotations have become the subject of study as much as his letters, providing a window of insight into the way in which reading was carried out in the early modern period for scholars such as Anthony Grafton and the late Professor Lisa Jardine.
The density and extent of annotations made by Harvey, have proved a considerable challenge for anyone studying his texts. Having an interest in early modern history, Digital Humanities and libraries, I signed up to what was billed as a workshop on the history of reading and the Digital Humanities, to see what I could learn.
The answer quite a lot! The project is intended to build upon:. In many ways this could be an LIS project, current LIS research often considers and examines the way in which technology is changing the way we think and consume information. This includes a storage layer, archive layer and a tools access layer which an IIF API for serving up images, through the Mirador viewer.
tax-marusa.com/order/fihylahon/surveiller-telechargement-wifi.php The use of IIIF ensures that the project integrates standards which will allow for future interoperability and allow for future migration to interoperable viewers with greater capacity. The top two layers comprise the AOR website and the aforementioned viewer.
He went on to discuss how the different teams kept in touch via fortnightly Skype meetings, during the two year development period, saying also that there was close integration between the developers and the humanities staff. In all 13 books were chosen for the project with the 13 th being purchased and immediately digitised by Johns Hopkins, specifically for the project.
He cited various examples of where Harvey had written either cryptic or admonishing marginalia, either addressing himself or the writer.
This is one of a series of very short booklets or pamphlets to help people find public domain books available from Google Books. Each consists of a description . Architecture is an art, a science and a craft. But buildings also have to fulfil a function, cater for human use, withstand the forces of nature, and be built to a.